What is the reason for proton- proton attraction inside the nucleus according to nuclear physics? (Sanjeev Asked)
Answer: Inside the nucleus where the nucleons are very close to each other, the force which holds them together is the nuclear force, which is the strongest force in nature. The electrostatic force between protons is negligibly small compared to the nuclear force. But the nuclear force is of a very short range, 10^-15 m.
The nuclear force is charge independent, i.e; the nuclear force between proton and proton, proton and neutron as well as neutron and neutron are almost the same.
Yukawa’s meson theory suggest that the nuclear force is an exchange force. The nucleons are bound because of constant exchange of the mesons.
The nuclear force is only felt among hadrons. At small separations between nucleons (less than ~ 0.7 fm between their centers) the force becomes repulsive, which keeps the nucleons at a certain average separation, even if they are of different types. At distances larger than 0.7 femtometer (fm) the force becomes attractive between spin-aligned nucleons, becoming maximal at a center-center distance of about 0.9 fm. Beyond this distance the force drops essentially exponentially, until beyond about 2.0 fm separation, the force drops to negligibly small values.
At short distances (less than 1.7 fm or so), the nuclear force is stronger than the Coulomb force between protons; it thus overcomes the repulsion of protons inside the nucleus.
However, the Coulomb force between protons has a much larger range due to its decay as the inverse square of charge separation, and Coulomb repulsion thus becomes the only significant force between protons when their separation exceeds about 2 to 2.5 fm.
(There are many terms introduced in the explanation. You can discuss them as comments for obtaining further details, if required)
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Where is electricity stored after it is generated but before it is supplied? (Chat Transcript from FaceBook)
Where is electricity stored after it is generated but before it is supplied?
Mahesh Sable Electrical power cannot be stored and,therefore,power plants must produce power as and when demanded.power stations r connected in parallel hence load is equally distributed,electric Power can be adjusted with help of step up or step down transformers.
Mathew Abraham Transformer does not increase power
Chitraja Rajan The demand for electricity varies randomly within a day itself…so there should be something which should be adjusted according to the demand.
Vishnu Mohan G huge capacitors? i think i read somewhere like this.
Hi All, the question is very smart, i think electricity stored before generation is stored in Water(DAM), Uranium Rods(Nuclear), HydroCarbons(Coal, GAS). Electricity can only store when it is in Direct Current format like in Batteries, Capacitor(its a very small time to store/release) Well there are many source where we can store electricity. When electricity is in demand then Power generation takes place within huge Alternators, this powers generation takes places in terms of Phase Shift between all the power Houses across the country, if this phase shift is disturb then power grid fails. after this the transformers come into picture so as to reduce Resistance loses.
Kannan Kannan Ps in my little knowledge electricity unable to store continuing process of generater get current
Chitraja Rajan at the generation side electricity is high ac current ..if it is converted into dc then there should be large containers to store them and also need suitable convertors to convert it in either form every time
Mathew Abraham In modern generators, there are equipment to control the rate of flow of water and in turn rate of rotation as well as the power generated. SO, it is quite right to say that electricity is generated as and when required. When you switch on a device power generation also increases until it reaches maximum capacity. Thereafter we will get less power. Remember the low voltage we suffer during the evening when the power consumption is maximum a few seconds ago · Like
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Can you answer these?
A bullet of mass m is fired with a velocity v and strikes a a block of mass M suspended by a string of length L.
the bullet gets embedded in the block. What is the angle the the block makes due to the impact?
Why planets revolve around their own axis?
At time t=0 a ball is projected with a velocity = 60 m/s at 60 degrees form x axis.find the times when the velocity will make angle of 45 degree from x axis?
Suppose that, while lying on a beach near the equator watching the Sun set over a calm ocean, you start a stopwatch just as the top of the Sun disappears.You then stand, elevating your eyes by a height H = 1.70 metres, and stop the watch when the top of the Sun again disappears, If the elapsed time is t=11.1 s, what is the radius r of earth?
A non flow reversible process occurs for which p=3v has power 2+1/v where p is in bar & v is in m has power3. What will be the work done when v changes from 0.5 to 1.5m has power3.
Draw the ray diagram to show the image formation during looming (mirage in cold regions )?
Categories: +2 Physics, adults, Answers, Ask Physics, blue, CLASS XI, EMI, Entrance Exams, Exam Help Tags: ball, beach, block, bullet, calm ocean, cold regions, com, image formation, impact, Physical, Physics, question, ray diagram, sun, time t, www
Why does the electric field inside a dielectric decrease when it is placed in an external electric field?
The net electric field inside a dielectric decreases due to polarization. The external electric field polarizes the dielectric and an electric field is produced due to this polarization. This internal electric field will be opposite to the external electric field and therefore the net electric field inside the dielectric will be less
“What is meant by potential difference?”
“Potential Difference between two points is the difference in Potential between the two points and is equal to the work done per unit charge ion carrying a positive test charge from one point to another against the electric field and without any acceleration”