National Cyber Olympiad 2011-12 – Free Sample Papers

Down Load Syllabus For National Cyber Olympiad http://www.sofworld.org/nco/about-nco-exam/nco-exam-syllabus.html

National Cyber Olympiad Sample papers

Having a look at the sample papers is a good practice for preparing for any exam. Download the sample papers and practice them as well as similar problems and questions

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Class 11 Sample Papers

Class 12 Sample Papers

Wish you good luck in the exams

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National Science Olympiad 2011-12 (NSO)

The National Science Olympiad is conducted by SOF. Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) is a Registered Not-For-Profit Organization Popularizing Computer, Science, Mathematics and English Education among school children. All activities of the Foundation invariably aim at making learning an interesting and interactive process in which the learner is actually able to put his / her skills, memory, talent and knowledge to test.

SOF offers prizes worth Rs. 4 Crores for the 2011-12 Olympiad exams.

The  prizes for individual winners have become more lucrative as under:

Class 7 to class 12

  • 1st prize –  Rs One lac
  • 2nd prize – Rs Fifty thousand
  • 3rd prize –  Rs Twenty Five thousand
  • Rank 4 to Rank 10 –  Rs Five Thousand
  • Rank 11 to Rank 20 – Rs TwoThousand Five Hundred
  • Rank 21 to Rank 50 – Rs One Thousand
  • Rank 51 to Rank 500 – Educational CDs’

Class One to Class 6

  • 1st prize-   Laptop
  • 2nd prize – Laptop
  • 3rd prize – Laptop
  • Rank 4 to Rank 10 – Rs Five Thousand
  • Rank 11 to Rank 20 – Rs TwoThousand Five Hundred
  • Rank 21 to Rank 50 – Rs One Thousand
  • Rank 51 to Rank 500 – Educational CDs’

During 2011-12 the first Round of NSO exam will be held on 17th November, 2011 at participating schools.

Get the syllabus here

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KVPY Interview – How to Prepare?

First of all, hearty congratulations to all those who qualified for the KVPY (Kishore Vygyanik Protsahan Yojna) interview.

Results of the Aptitude Test held on 31st October 2010

Found your name in the selection list?

The next step is interview. The weightage for interview is 50%

As KVPY is installed to promote research, your research aptitude and observational skills will help you to excel in the interview.

Read more

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Syllabus for IPhO

General :

A.The extensive use of the calculus (differentiation and integration) and the use of complex numbers or solving differential equations should not be required to solve the theoretical and practical problems.

B.Questions may contain concepts and phenomena not contained in the Syllabus but sufficient information must be given in the questions so that candidates without previous knowledge of these topics would not be at a disadvantage.

C.Sophisticated practical equipment likely to be unfamiliar to the candidates should not dominate a problem. If such devices are used then careful instructions must be given to the candidates.

D.The original texts of the problems have to be set in the SI units.



a] Foundation of kinematics of a point mass

* Note: vector description of the position of the point mass, velocity and acceleration as vectors

b] Newton’s laws, inertial systems

* Note: problems may be set on changing mass

c] Closed and open systems, momentum and energy, work, power

d] Conservation of energy, conservation of linear momentum, impulse

e] Elastic forces, frictional forces, the law of gravitation, potential energy and work in a gravitational field

* Note: Hooke’s law, coefficient of friction (F/R=const), frictional forces static and kinetic, choice of zero of potential energy

f] Centripetal acceleration, Kepler’s laws


a] Statics, center of mass, torque

* Note: couples, conditions of equilibrium of bodies

b] Motion of rigid bodies, translation, rotation, angular velocity, angular acceleration, conservation of angular momentum

* Note: conservation of angular momentum about fixed axis only

c] External and internal forces, equation of motion of a rigid body around the fixed axis, moment of inertia, kinetic energy of a rotating body

* Note: parallel axes theorem (Steiner’s theorem), additivity of the moment of inertia

d] Accelerated reference systems, inertial forces

* Note: knowledge of the Coriolis force formula is not required


No specific questions will be set on this but students would be expected to know the elementary concepts of pressure, buoyancy and the continuity law.


a] Internal energy, work and heat, first and second laws of thermodynamics

* Note: thermal equilibrium, quantities depending on state and quantities depending on process

b] Model of a perfect gas, pressure and molecular kinetic energy, Avogadro’s number, equation of state of a perfect gas, absolute temperature

* Note: also molecular approach to such simple phenomena in liquids and solids as boiling, melting etc.

c] Work done by an expanding gas limited to isothermal and adiabatic processes

* Note: proof of the equation of the adiabatic process is not required

d] The Carnot cycle, thermodynamic efficiency, reversible and irreversible processes, entropy (statistical approach), Boltzmann factor

* Note: entropy as a path independent function, entropy changes and reversibility, quasistatic processes


a] Harmonic oscillations, equation of harmonic oscillation

* Note: solution of the equation for harmonic motion, attenuation and resonance – qualitatively

b] Harmonic waves, propagation of waves, transverse and longitudinal waves, linear polarization, the classical Doppler effect, sound waves

* Note: displacement in a progressive wave and understanding of graphical representation of the wave, measurements of velocity of sound and light, Doppler effect in one dimension only, propagation of waves in homogeneous and isotropic media, reflection and refraction, Fermat’s principle

c] Superposition of harmonic waves, coherent waves, interference, beats, standing waves

* Note: realization that intensity of wave is proportional to the square of its amplitude. Fourier analysis is not required but candidates should have some understanding that complex waves can be made from addition of simple sinusoidal waves of different frequencies. Interference due to thin films and other simple systems (final formulas are not required), superposition of waves from secondary sources (diffraction)


a] Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law

b] Electric field, potential, Gauss’ law

* Note: Gauss’ law confined to simple symmetric systems like sphere,cylinder, plate etc., electric dipole moment

c] Capacitors, capacitance, dielectric constant, energy density of electric field


a] Current, resistance, internal resistance of source, Ohm’s law, Kirchhoff’s laws, work and power of direct and alternating currents, Joule’s law

* Note: simple cases of circuits containing non-ohmic devices with known V-I characteristics

b] Magnetic field (B) of a current, current in a magnetic field, Lorentz force

* Note: particles in a magnetic field, simple applications like cyclotron, magnetic dipole moment

c] Ampere’s law

d] Law of electromagnetic induction, magnetic flux, Lenz’s law, self-induction, inductance, permeability, energy density of magnetic field

* Note: magnetic field of simple symmetric systems like straight wire, circular loop and long solenoid

e] Alternating current, resistors, inductors and capacitors in AC-circuits, voltage and current (parallel and series) resonances

* Note: simple AC-circuits, time constants, final formulae for parameters of concrete resonance circuits are not require


a] Oscillatory circuit, frequency of oscillations, generation by feedback and resonance

b] Wave optics, diffraction from one and two slits, diffraction grating, resolving power of a grating, Bragg reflection

c] Dispersion and diffraction spectra, line spectra of gases

d] Electromagnetic waves as transverse waves, polarization by reflection, polarizers

* Note: superposition of polarized waves

e] Resolving power of imaging systems

f] Black body, Stefan-Boltzmanns law

* Note: Planck’s formula is not required


a] Photoelectric effect, energy and impulse of the photon

* Note: Einstein’s formula is required

b] De Broglie wavelength, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle


a] Principle of relativity, addition of velocities, relativistic Doppler effect

b] Relativistic equation of motion, momentum, energy, relation between energy and mass, conservation of energy and momentum


a] Simple applications of the Bragg equation

b] Energy levels of atoms and molecules (qualitatively), emission, absorption, spectrum of hydrogenlike atoms

c] Energy levels of nuclei (qualitatively), alpha-, beta- and gamma-decays, absorption of radiation, halflife and exponential decay, components of nuclei, mass defect, nuclear reactions.


The Theoretical Part of the Syllabus provides the basis for all the experimental problems. The experimental problems given in the experimental contest should contain measurements.
Additional requirements:

1] Candidates must be aware that instruments affect measurements.

2] Knowledge of the most common experimental techniques for measuring physical quantities mentioned in Part A.

3] Knowledge of commonly used simple laboratory instruments and devices such as calipers, thermometers, simple volt-, ohm- and ammeters, potentiometers, diodes, transistors, simple optical devices and so on.

4] Ability to use, with the help of proper instruction, some sophisticated instruments and devices such as double-beam oscilloscope, counter, ratemeter, signal and function generators, analog-to-digital converter connected to a computer, amplifier, integrator, differentiator, power supply, universal (analog and digital) volt-, ohm- and ammeters.

5] Proper identification of error sources and estimation of their influence on the final result(s).

6]Absolute and relative errors, accuracy of measuring instruments, error of a single measurement, error of a series of measurements, error of a quantity given as a function of measured quantities.

7] Transformation of a dependence to the linear form by appropriate choice of variables and fitting a straight line to experimental points.

8] Proper use of the graph paper with different scales (for example polar and logarithmic papers).

9] Correct rounding off and expressing the final result(s) and error(s) with correct number of significant digits.

10] Standard knowledge of safety in laboratory work. (Nevertheless, if the experimental set-up contains any safety hazards the appropriate warnings should be included into the text of the problem.)

Please note:

  • The syllabus for  National Standard Examination in Physics (NSEP) is broadly  equivalent to the senior secondary level (Class XI and Class XII) of CBSE Physics. This is only a rough guideline, and there is no detailed syllabus given for NSEP.
  • The syllabus for Indian National Physics Olympiad (INPhO) is broadly similar to NSEP but the difficulty level of the questions will be higher. Questions and problems in National Olympiads are usually non-conventional and of high difficulty level, comparable to International Olympiads.

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Science, Maths, Computing Olympiads in (Links)








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Download Green Olympiad Sample Paper


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IAPT (Indian Association of Physics Teachers) is an association of Physics Teachers spread through out the country. It was started by Late Dr. D. P.
Khandelwal in 1984 and today it has 5000 life members. All the work of this (our) organization is voluntary in character-thus NOBODY is paid any Honorarium or remuneration for ANY WORK of IAPT.

National Standard Examinations (NSEP in Physics, NSEC in Chemistry, NSEB in Biology, NSEA in Astronomy and NSEJS in Junior Science) are nationwide examinations organised by IAPT. IAPT has been conducting NSEP for last 24 years by now. NSEP, NSEC, NSEB, and NSEA are at CBSE class XII level, while NSEJS is at CBSE class X level. These examinations are the FIRST and THE
ONLY SCREENING TESTS towards International Olympiads in the respective subjects.

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