Phase transitions to cooperation in the prisoner’s dilemma

Author(s): Dirk Helbing and Sergi Lozano
Game theory formalizes certain interactions between physical particles or between living beings in biology, sociology, and economics and quantifies the outcomes by payoffs. The prisoner’s dilemma (PD) describes situations in which it is profitable if everybody cooperates rather than defects (free …
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[Phys. Rev. E 81, 057102] Published Mon May 10, 2010