Difference between g and G

What is the difference between capital ‘G’ and small ‘g’ in the chapter gravitation?  g  G  Acceleration due to gravity  Universal constant of gravitation  varies from place to place  A constant everywhere on earth  vector quantity  A dimensional constant  unit is ms-2  unit is Nm2kg-2 Incoming search terms:difference between G and Gdifference bet g and Gdifference [...]

How to describe momentum physically ?

Kiran asks: “How do you describe momentum physically by not in definitions like product of mass and velocity?” Answer: Momentum is defined as “Mass in Motion” or “The quantity of motion“. Momentum is a measure of the “effect” a moving body can produce. It is a measure of the “effort” required to bring a body to [...]