Iqbal Lucky asked
“when a wave enters from air to water, its wavelength changes but
frequency remains unchanged. why”
Velocity of a wave = frequency x time period
V = ν λ
When a wave travels from one medium to another, its velocity changes and so also is its wavelength, but frequency; which is the number of vibrations produced per second is independent of the medium, remains constant.
However, their is a phenomenon called Doppler Effect where the apparent frequency (observed frequency) is different from actual frequency and is caused by the relative movement between the source and observer (listener)
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